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When did WW1 end and where was the Armistice signed? – Live News 24


ARMISTICE Day is observed every year on November 11 to mark the end of World War 1  We explain below why the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month is so important When did World War 1 end?  World War 1 ended on November 11, 1918, when the armistice was signed by Germany and the Allies at Compiègne, France  The agreement marked a WW1 victory for the Allies and a complete defeat for Germany, although not formally a surrender  The end of the land, sea and air war took effect at exactly 11am – the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month  By the time World War 1 was over, more than 18 million people had been killed worldwide  The actual terms of the deal, largely written by the Allied Supreme Commander Marshal Ferdinand Foch, included the cessation of hostilities, the withdrawal of German forces to behind the Rhine, Allied occupation of the Rhineland and bridgeheads further east, the preservation of infrastructure, the surrender of aircraft, warships, and military material, the release of Allied prisoners of war and interned civilians, and eventual reparations  No release of German prisoners and no relaxation of the naval blockade of Germany was agreed to  Although the armistice ended the fighting, it needed to be prolonged three times until the Treaty of Versailles, which was signed on June 28, 1919, and took effect on January 10, 1920 Where is Armistice Day observed?  The date is a national holiday in France, and was declared a national holiday in many Allied nations  In some countries Armistice Day, coincides with Remembrance Day (or Poppy Day) and Veterans Day, and other public holidays  Armistice Day is not celebrated in Germany, but since 1952, a German national day of mourning, Volkstrauertag, has been observed on the Sunday closest to November 16 How is Armistice Day observed in the UK?  This year marks 100 years since the end of the First World War  In 2018 both Armistice Day and Remembrance Sunday are on November 11.  Remembrance Sunday is usually the nearest Sunday to November 11, and is commemorated formally, but neither days are public holidays in the UK  On Remembrance Sunday, there are usually ceremonies at war memorials, cenotaphs and churches throughout the country, as well as abroad  The Royal Family and top politicians gather at The Cenotaph in Whitehall, London, for a memorial service and will lead a two-minute silence at 11am in honour of fallen heroes  The National Service of Remembrance at the Cenotaph is organised by the Royal British Legion  The anniversary is used to remember all the people who have died in all wars – not just World War One  This includes World War Two, the Falklands War, the Gulf War, and conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq Why do we hold a two minute silence on Armistice Day?  The first two minute silence in Britain was held on November 11, 1919, when King George V asked the public to observe a silence at 11am  This was one year after the end of World War One.  He made the request so “the thoughts of everyone may be concentrated on reverent remembrance of the glorious dead” Why do we wear poppies in November?  In the days leading up to November 11, people across the country will be seen wearing a poppy as a symbol of remembrance for those who have given their lives in war  Millions of poppies are handed out across the UK by tens of thousands of volunteers  Poppies are used to remember those who have given their lives in battle because they are the flowers which grew on the battlefields after World War One ended  Ever since then, they have come to be a symbol of remembering not just those who gave their lives in World War One, but all those who have died on behalf of their country  The significance of the poppies is described in the famous World War One poem In Flanders Fields In Flanders Fields by John McCrae In Flanders fields the poppies blow Between the crosses, row on row, That mark our place; and in the sky The larks, still bravely singing, fly Scarce heard amid the guns below  We are the Dead. Short days ago We lived, felt dawn, saw sunset glow, Loved and were loved, and now we lie, In Flanders fields  Take up our quarrel with the foe: To you from failing hands we throw The torch; be yours to hold it high If ye break faith with us who die We shall not sleep, though poppies grow In Flanders fields Where did the tradition of wearing poppies start?  Every year, volunteers make poppies available throughout the country and people make a donation in order to get theirs  The money raised from these donations is used to help servicemen and women who are still alive whose lives have been changed by wars that they fought in  Wearing poppies like this to raise money to help people who had fought in wars started in 1921  This was the year that the Royal British Legion was founded on May 15.  The first poppies were made of silk, not paper, and the first batch sold out straight away, raising more than £106,000  In 1922, a factory was set up where disabled former soldiers were employed to make them  The factory remains in operation today making millions of poppies annually.

Stephen Childs

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