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What you don’t know about the “PRESENT PERFECT” (AMAZING lesson – MUST WATCH !)


Hello everyone, how are you today, this is Marc. In English there are a lot of
grammar rules however there are myriad of exceptions in these series I’m
going to talk about those exceptions so let’s start with what you don’t know
about the present perfect The present perfect
I love this tense why because it represents our lives I always say to my
students present perfect is something that happened in the past and has an
effect in the present and there is a hint of the future so it represents
our lives actually and we usually use this tense with verbs such as live work study
so thing you do repeatedly in your life yes
the first point that I want to talk about is actually this the past and the
present yes this tense has an action that happened in the past but has an
effect in the present yes it refers to events that are relevant now but
happened in the past let’s take a look at my examples: he’s moved to another city that’s why he can’t come to the party so which action happened first ?
he has moved right he’s moved to another city so this happened first and the
action that is relevant now is he can’t come to the party
yes he can’t come to the party that’s why he has moved so it’s an action that happened in the past and is relevant now another example people always share the
best advice they’ve ever received which action happened first ? they’ve ever
received so somewhere somewhere in the past they received a message or advice and is relevant now because I said people always share
so present simple, people always share this is with the present simple and that’s
why we use the present simple and then the present perfect because it’s
an action that happened in the past, but has an effect in the present this is the
first point about the present perfect now let’s take a look at the second
point yes the present perfect is used when reporting the news that’s right so
let’s suppose I’m a journalist and I’m telling you this is the example: The labor union have decided to go on strike next week – have decided they’ve organized they have organized a
demonstration to protest against cuts so these are present perfect and this is a
piece of news and I’m giving you and that’s why we use the present perfect
now the third point I divided into three parts why ? because we are talking about the present perfect simple and the present perfect continuous let’s take a look at
first point then, present perfect simple vs. present perfect continuous
one present perfect simple is a finished action present
perfect continuous is unfinished, let’s take a look at my examples: she has made in
cake this means that is finished that she made a cake one minute ago, and it’s finished, when I use the present perfect is not important when but it is important the action, now
the second one is with the present perfect continuous, she has been making a cake for the last hour here there is an indication for the last hour that it
continues right so it’s not finished she has been a cake for the last hour, now the
second point of the third of the third point that I want to talk about is the
present perfect is used the present perfect simple and continuous, is used with how long: how long have you studied English for ? okay and this may be finished we don’t
know but probably it’s finished versus how long have you been studying English for ? and
it still going on right because we said that the present perfect continuous is for
actions that still continue up to now now the third point I listed here is
with since and for – remember that since and for can also be used with the past
simple but generally speaking we use it with the present perfect – present perfect
simple or present perfect continuous like answering to the question before right
how long have you studied English for ? I’ve studied English for five years – I
used FOR to indicate a period for five five years – so I don’t study English
anymore right yes – the second one: how long have you been studying English for ?
I’ve been studying English since and this is a precise time, since 2015 so that means that person is still learning English right or studying English – so FOR for a period of time and SINCE for specific time – if
you want to watch a lesson on these points or these grammar rules you may
click here – the fourth point that I want to talk about are adjuncts of duration
what are they ? they’re words like briefly long temporary overnight etc they
indicate duration of time actually so the two examples: We’ve left that town forever – so forever here is the adjunct of duration forever we’ve left we have left that town
forever with we’re not saying when we’re saying just forever which is an adjunct
of duration another example: I’ve always always is the adjunct of duration I’ve
always liked the way you smile. okay I’ve always liked and again this is
used with a present perfect right ? and with the adjunct of duration ALWAYS now
there is another expression that we use and we use it in the present perfect: it
is it is the first time that is the first time or this is the first time plus the present perfect so the example here: it’s the first time she’s been to Rome. It’s the first time
she’s been to Rome. And here is an indication of a past action – now I’m going to erase this and I’m going to show you two other points on the present perfect – right so you’re back
with the two last points that I want to talk about today the first one is when we use
one yes sometimes WHEN can use with a present perfect – yes I’m sure you heard
that WHEN is used with the Past Simple generally but there are exceptions we
use WHEN with a present perfect for example let’s take a look at my two
examples – when you’ve finished your test hand it in – so this is the first conditional and here the present perfect has a hint of the future that’s why previously, I said that the present perfect can have a hint of the future – the second example
they’ll apply for a job when they’ve prepared well the questions asked –
They’ll apply for a job and here is a future the second part of the first
conditional which is the result when they’ve prepared well the questions asked – and in this case we have they’ve prepared and there is the hint of the future so when with the present perfect sometimes – the last point that I want to talk about is that in American English people
hardly use the present perfect they replace it with the past simple so let’s
take a look at the examples I’ve listed She has worked at that office for a year –
in American English they would say she worked at that office for a year – or Have you ever
been to… Canada ? – Have you ever been to Rome ? in American English – Did you ever go to Canada ? – Did you ever go to Rome ? this is American English, the third example I’ve just washed dishes or I just washed
dishes in American English So that’s it for today. Thank you very
much for watching if you have any comments requests or if you want to post
your own example of the present perfect you may do so under this video. If you haven’t subscribed to my channel please
do so if you want to share the lesson, please do so – One last thing if you want to watch a lesson on the present perfect or present perfect continuous you may click here – Have a great day and see you next week !

Stephen Childs

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