While it seems easy to answer, and maybe a silly question to some, it’s actually a pretty important political and educational question. Today, we’re gonna be talking about what is a government and how it actually works. Today we’re gonna go by what exactly is a government, how they work, and what type of governments exist and existed throughout history. Now, what is a government? A government is a system or a group of people governing an organized community, usually a country. Now that’s not the only type of government, a government can range from a country, to a state, or province depending on where you live. And the kinds of governments definitely depends on where you live. Which is also what we’re gonna debate on. I have a map of the different government types… The types of government can range from a Democratic presidential republic to a One party dictatorship. And even to the point on no central, or some people might say ‘Contemporary’ government, which is basically a society in anarchy, but right now, we’ll go step by step. A federal republic, which is what the United States of America is, is a federation of states or equivalent within a republican form of government. Usually most federal republics are more or less democratic. Countries that have federal republics do have more rights to their states or equivalent then most other countries. And the United States isn’t the only federal republic, in fact, it’s the oldest but not the first federal republic. The first federal republic according to most sources is the Dutch republic, formed in 1581. Although the country was destroyed in the Napoleonic wars and replaced with a kingdom several times, it still remains a kingdom to this day. The current federal republics are: Argentina Austria, Bosnia and Hezogovina, Brazil Ethiopia Germany India Mexico Nepal, and in fact, as far as i know, Nepal is the most recent federal republic. Anyway, other federal republics are Nigeria- Pakistan Russia Switzerland and the previously mentioned United States, and Venezuela. A republic itself depends on which country, whether it’d be the aforementioned federal one, islamic, parlimentary, presidential, semi-presidential. I won’t go into every republican system, it’s still important to sum it up. As a republic is a country that normally elects individuals to represent the citizens. Now whether the parties or people are actually allowed to vote depends on the country and it is a huge political debate overall. Different countries have different rules and laws. The first republic that technically existed was the Roman republic before it transitioned into the empire we know today. Although it wasn’t exactly a republic as we think a republic would be today. The first modern republic was the Novgorod republic, in 1361. Which formed in modern day northern Russia, the republic lasted a century before it was absorbed into the Grand Duchy of Moscow. Of course, republics became more and more common throughout the centuries, and many kingdoms fell and became republics especially during the 20th century, speaking of… A kingdom or a monarchy is a form of government in which a group, normally a family called a ‘Dynasty’- -would rule over a country. Monarchies are the oldest type of government and are considered to be traditional. Currently over 50 out of over 200 countries are monarchies, whether constitutional or absolute. Absolute monarchies include Brunei, Omen, Saudi Arabia, Swaziland (e-Swatini), Vatican city, although technically more of an absolute theocracy. And the United Arab Emirates. The United Arab Emirates is kind of a federal monarchy, with several individual Emirates, or ‘states’ having monarchies in them. I personally find this country to be the most unique kingdoms out there, but i’m being too biased here lets continue… Fun fact: Australia and Canada are monarchies, but get this- while they have their own consititution and parties, they accept the British monarch as head of state, but are still considered constitutional monarchies. Of course, they aren’t the only British commonwealth nations to have it, it’s still a bit interesting to see how they work and how they function. Now i know this has been biased to death by some people, but i’ll try my best not to go crazy with this one. And it’s recommended you do your own research with your own sources, and be sure to determine what is and what isn’t a dictatorship. But anyways, a dictatorship, or ‘regime’ as many people call it, is an authoritarian type of government. Whether one person or one sole party rules the country, dictatorships can and have included absolute monarchies, As some critics have said they hold the same absolute power like dictatorships and regimes do. Of course, not all dictatorships are inherently bad and not all countries that aren’t democracies are dictatorships. Again, as i’ve said, it’s recommended you do your own research. The countries that i have listed that are the most notable dictatorships are North Korea, or the Democratic Republic of Korea, Libya before the Arab Spring, The Arab Republic of Syria, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Chad Republic, Laos, Republic of Cuba, Yemen, Turkistan* (It’s called Turkmenistan, not Turkistan), Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, and many more, if you disagree with the list, lemme know in the comments. An Anarcho government is a government with little or no government presence. Now you may think an Anarcho government isn’t common, and yes, your right. However, there have been Anarchist governments in the past and even some societies that have Anarcho-style types governments, as far as i’ve researched there was one country with an Anarchist style government which was the Republic of Cospaia. It was a small country in central Italy in the middle of the Papal States, they barely had any form of government. There was a ‘council of elders’ at one point, but other then that, that’s really it. They didn’t have a police force, there wasn’t any jail systems or government legal system, An Anarcho government to some people is a utopia, although there is some issues worth noting about an Anarcho government. It’s still an interesting and rare concept, but it has been done. There are societies and even rebellions that have attempted to set up Anarcho governments. One notable example was during the Russian Civil War in Ukraine, there was a Anti-Soviet rebellion called ‘Free Territory’, which was a movement to form an Anarchist government and a movement to gain Ukrainian independence under the leadership of Viktor Belish. Obviously they never came to power and they were defeated pretty much by the end of the war, but it’s still interesting to talk about. A confederation is a union of countries or states united for a common purpose, or historically united for a completely different reason. Now to be honest, there haven’t been many confederations that have formed, and there’s really only a couple of examples of a confederation Belgium, which is united under three communities, the Walloons, the Flanders, and the Germans. The European Union, although technically not a country, but it’s still a type of Government, which we’ll cover in a little bit, Canada and Switzerland have both been self-proclaimed confederations, but aren’t the type of confederations that have been defined, both countries are federations honestly. Speaking of Canada, back in pre- and even during colonial times, several Native American tribes have created confederations many times. One notable confederation was the Ir.. Irqori…. Ir.. Iroqo… HOW DO YOU PRONOUNCE THAT!? Iroquois, okay… One notable confederation was the Iroquois with united under several tribes from modern day New York state, down to Kentucky and even stretching to Missouri. Going into Europe there are several confederations that have coexisted with each other, such as the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Denmark-Norway and even some sources saying the before mentioned Dutch republic was a confederation, although i personally disagree, but you guys can tell me otherwise in the comments. And of course, what better way to end this part by adding the Confederate states of America? International unions or organizations are a type of government that are usually apart of several nations united for a reason or semi-unification. Organizations like these do exist, like the European Union, NATO, United Nations, The Arab League, BRICS, CSTO, the African Union, and the Union of South American Nations, although there has been nations suspended due to ideological and political disputes. Some organizations are formed for the intent of virtually uniting an entire continent, while others are formed with the intent of protecting the organization’s countries and it’s peoples, either way, organizations like these help unite countries and do more to help the world be united ish… but still. So yea, i pretty much covered almost all forms of government and how they work, if you guys enjoyed the video, be sure to leave a like and subscribe and comment down your thoughts, also this video was ‘commissioned’ by my own father and i really wanted to do this project as soon as he asked, love you dad! i hope i made you proud, and i’ll see you guys later.