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UK Government for Dummies… and Americans


The UK held an election this last Thursday,
but it wasn’t a regularly scheduled election, it was a snap election, as sort of a way to
say “Okay for real though, Brexit, for real this time.” If you’ve heard anything about the results,
you know that it ended up being fairly controversial and anything but a landslide. After a few requests yesterday, I put my topic
this weekend to a vote on twitter. This is why you should follow me on there. As you can see, UK Politics only earned 43%
of the vote, so just like the Tories, it wins. Wait what? Not all democracies work the same way, and
here in America we have a number of misconceptions about other democracies in the world. Particularly when it comes to the United Kingdom. Because of that, in an attempt to explain
how the British government works, I’m going to relate it to how the US government works. So while this video is supposed to explain
the UK to non-Brits, I suppose any Brits watching could reverse engineer what I’m about to
say in order learn about the US, so yeah, two for one! First we need to get some structure and vocabulary
out of the way. The United Kingdom is a country that exists
in the British Isles. Some of you may know this, but the official
name of the UK is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Where is Great Britain? This is Great Britain, the largest island
in the British Isles. On Great Britain, there are three countries. England, Scotland, and Wales. So the United Kingdom is a country, which
consists of four countries, England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. If it helps, you can think of these four countries
like states, they have their own governments and parliaments which capitulate to the overall
United Kingdom government, just like states which fall under the federal government. The term British refers to the collective
government of the UK, and while you can call all of the people British, some of them might
take offense to that. Anyway… The first misconception: The queen is just
a figurehead. This is something Americans like to say because
it’s something they’ve heard over and over either from the media or in school…
maybe as a way to delegitimize the idea that the UK is still a monarchy? But it’s simply not true. Here in America we have a president. This president has many roles, like head of
government, head of state, chief executive, and commander-in-chief. These are all very different jobs, all lumped
into one person. But in the UK, they have two people. The Prime Minister, or PM, who is the head
of government and chief executive. And the Monarch, who is the head of state
and the commander-in-chief. Since in America, one person does all of these
things, we don’t really pay attention to what the differences are, and may not even
really realize they exist. So let’s break them down a bit. The head of state is the leader of the people,
not necessarily the government. In the United Kingdom, the government serves
in her majesty’s name and by her permission, but I’ll get to that later. In America, most of the background responsibilities
of the head of state are performed by the Secretary of State. In the UK, all of these responsibilities are
on the Queen. She appoints all ambassadors to other countries. In fact, the British Ambassador to the United
States is not “The British Ambassador,” he is a representative of the Crown, not the
government, and is therefore “Her Majesty’s Ambassador to the United States of America”
and the United States does not have an ambassador to the UK. It’s the “Ambassador of the United States
to the Court of St. James.” Which is the royal court of the Queen. In practice, obviously, they are ambassadors
to and from the government, but in reality, they are ambassadors to and from the Crown,
separate from the government. The Queen is also the commander-in-chief of
the military. In the United States, when you swear in, you
are swearing to uphold and defend the Constitution – which says that you will obey the lawful
orders of the President. But in the United Kingdom, and the Commonwealth
Realm, you swear allegiance to the Crown. Not the constitution, not the government,
not your country. All of the ships in the navy are HMS, Her
Majesty’s Ship. Now, in practice, the government, under the
Ministry of Defence, spelled with a C, directs the day to day operations of the military. But in the end, she is the commander-in-chief. She has the ability to declare war, not parliament. It’s the reverse in the US. The President directs the day to day operations,
and the Congress declares war. The Queen has a number of other functions
that don’t necessarily come with a nice neat label. Like the President, she appoints all judges,
in England and Wales anyway. The court system there is royal. Until 2005, the House of Lords, which I’ll
get to in a moment, acted as the Supreme Court, but now there is a separate body, still appointed
by the Queen. The Queen is also the head of the church. Since we are a secular government and have
no state religion, we don’t really have an equivalent to that in the US, but if it
helps, you can think of her as the Anglican Pope. And like the President, she has final veto
power, or Royal Assent, on all acts passed by parliament – which then makes it a law. Just like how the President signs a bill from
Congress which then makes it a law. The Crown has not exercised its veto power
in over 300 years, but it is still there and is still possible. To make matters more complicated, the Crown
is also the head of state for most of the Commonwealth Nations, like Canada, Australia,
and New Zealand… which is why she is on all of the money there. She has less power there, but power nonetheless. So now let’s talk about the Prime Minister,
the head of government and the chief executive. This means that this person is the actual
leader of the government and runs its day to day operations. The Cabinet is chosen by the Prime Minister
and they mostly run government departments, much like the cabinet in the US. In the US we have a Secretary of State, a
Secretary of Defense, and twenty others, not all of them are heads of government departments. In the UK they have a Secretary of State for
Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, a Secretary of State for Defence, and again, strangely
enough, twenty others. These names are usually shortened to Foreign
Secretary and Defence Secretary – again spelled with a C. Unlike the US, the UK Cabinet
does not require approval from parliament. So how is the Prime Minister chosen? This is what the election on Thursday was
about, but the people don’t directly vote for Prime Minister. We don’t directly vote for President either,
but that’s a complicated and- there are dozens of videos out there on the Electoral
College and for those of you who follow my channel regularly, you know that I have a
pretty strict “no beating dead horses” policy when it comes to my content- so I’ll
just leave it at. So again, how is the Prime Minister chosen? The United Kingdom has two houses of parliament. The House of Lords and the House of Commons. The House of Lords is the upper house and
consists of 800 appointees by the Queen, yet another way that the Queen still has significant
power. House of Lords is actually the shortened name,
the official name is “The Right Honourable the Lords Spiritual and Temporal of the United
Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in Parliament assembled.” They’re mostly hereditary position, but
they are bishops of the church, who are the Lords Spiritual, and most of the Lords, Dukes,
Barons, and Counts, who are the Lords Temporal. All acts of Parliament, go through them before
going to the Queen. They can scrutinize and amend acts, but they
can’t prevent them from becoming law. So if you want to talk about who the figurehead
is in this situation… The House of Commons is the elected lower
house, kind of like the US House of Representatives. The United Kingdom is divided up into 650
constituencies. You can kind of think of them like the 435
congressional districts in the US, but those are way larger. You have to remember that the UK is the size
of Oregon, with the populations of California and Texas crammed in. Typically, a constituency in the UK represents
about 70,000 people, whereas in the US, it varies dramatically because of the way we
apportion them by state, with the lowest being 526,000 in Rhode Island and the highest being
994,000 in Montana, but still on average, about ten times as many people. (710,000) Anyway, each of these constituencies
is represented by a Member of Parliament, or MP. And this is what people are voting for, they
don’t vote for Prime Minister. Each constituency is a race for both local
representation and for national government. Each Member of Parliament is chosen by a simple
majority which just means whoever got the most votes. Which means there are some constituencies
represented by MPs who only got 24% of the vote, but they were the highest voted candidate. And that can happen because the UK has a multi-party
system, unlike the US and our two-party system – they still only have two main ones, but
in the election on Thursday, nine parties won seats. The United States has 538 electoral votes
for President, and someone has to get 270 in order to win. The United Kingdom has 650 constituencies,
so a party must get 326 to win. I said party there, because again, people
are not directly voting for Prime Minister. They vote for their MP, who represents a party. The party that gets the most MPs choses their
Prime Minister, you usually know who that’s going to be before you vote. But what happens when no party gets the required
326, which is what happened on Thursday? They can form a Coalition Government. The Conservatives, or Tories, won 318 seats. The Labour Party, spelled with a U, won 262. These are the two main parties and you can
kind of think of them as the Republicans and Democrats and they hold somewhat similar views
on the issues with their US counterparts. The next biggest party is the Scottish National
Party with 35 seats, and as you might have guessed, only ever wins in Scotland, and since
Brexit they’ve been pushing for independence. Then with 12 seats, the Liberal-Democrats,
who formed a Coalition government with the Tories in 2010. And then the Democratic Unionist Party, with
ten seats, are the ultra-right wing party, if it helps, you can think of them like the
Tea Party. And then there are four other smaller parties
which I’m not going to talk about because… c’mon the screen is already pretty full. So the Conservatives and the Liberal-Democrats
had formed a Coalition Government in the past, which just means the two parties getting together
to cross that 326 threshold, elect the main party’s candidate as Prime Minister, and
they usually share some cabinet positions. Why didn’t they this time? Because of Brexit. The Liberal-Democrats are very much against
Brexit, while the Conservatives are apparently now for it. I say that with some uncertainty because the
Conservatives weren’t always for it. In the last general election in 2015, in order
to sway UKIP (UK Independence Party) voters, the Tories promised to allow a referendum
on the UK leaving the EU or British Exit or “Brexit.” That unstated coalition made them win. The Tories didn’t really think that the
people would go for it, but in 2016, they did… so David Cameron resigned. Since then there has been a lot of turmoil
in the UK over whether the people really honestly knew what they were voting for, so the new
PM, Theresa May called for a snap election. As I said in the beginning, this was more
or less a re-vote on Brexit without calling it that, in order to save face. So now that we’re caught up, back to the
election results on Thursday. The conservatives didn’t get the 326 majority,
so in order to make the process easier anyway, they have to form a coalition government with
one of the other parties. Labour is against Brexit, the Scottish National
Party is against it, the Liberal Democrats are against it, but the DUP is for it. And that’s who they’re going to form a
coalition with, which will put them at 328 seats. And that’s why I also didn’t mention the
smaller parties, because while they could form a coalition with the Green Party and
their one seat, that won’t really make a difference. The coalition with the DUP is controversial
because of their super right-wing stance on the issues, like being against abortion, gay
marriage and other LGBT rights, but they are for UK independence from the EU, so there
you go. Could the Labour party have formed a coalition
to get the needed 326? In theory, yes, but it would have had to include
the DUP AND three other parties… so no. So the Prime Minister is chosen by whichever
party has a majority in the House of Commons. Who then asks the Queen for permission to
form a government. They could, in theory, do away with everything
that is already established and form an entirely new government, which would likely be chaos
and they’d probably lose in a vote of no confidence, which is kind of like impeachment
but way easier, so they don’t. But then they fill the cabinet to lead the
various ministries. And because of that, the UK government is
described as a one-party government. Unlike in the US where the President can be
from one party and the Houses of Congress can be from the other. Everything from the Prime Minister on down
all belong to a single party. The second largest party in the House of Commons
is then known as the Opposition, and their leader is the Leader of the Opposition. That person doesn’t really have any power
outside of the one on one debate they have with the Prime Minister in sessions of parliament. So the next time you hear the American media
say that Theresa May was elected or you hear that the Queen is just a figurehead or tourist
attraction, hopefully now, you’ll know better. I’m almost to one year and one thousand
subscribers, so stay tuned for a special video soon! But if you enjoyed this video, or you learned
something, make sure to give that like button a click. If you’d like to see more from me, I put
out new videos every Sunday, so make sure to elect that subscribe button. Also make sure to follow me on facebook and
twitter, and join us on the reddit to make sure you have input on any of my future videos. But in the meantime, if you’d like to watch
one of my older videos, how about this one?

Stephen Childs

100 Comments

  1. CORRECTION/CLARIFICATION: The parties I state are "against Brexit" were against it before the referendum. Now that the people voted in favor of Brexit, they are for a "soft" Brexit, as opposed to the "hard" Brexit that the Conservatives seem to be in favor of. The difference between the two is complicated, but mostly centers around trade with the EU.

  2. Your title bro. 😁😁
    Just..,,,nah.
    Well actually yeah.
    God we are stupid here.
    Not all of us, just most of us.

  3. There's an awful lot of simple Brits that think the queen is but a relic but fortunately for now not a majority, the monarchy is great Britain

  4. I don't understand how you were making this level of content for a year and were at less than a thousand subs. I haven't binged your videos in a while, and I don't really read dates too often, but I don't remember seeing a bad one. Doing that for a year and only getting a thousand subs is a travesty. Thanks for sticking through it.

  5. Oh, dear, the Queen is also the Leader of the Church or Popesse if you like. Carry on, jolly good show old chap!

  6. I recommend watching Jay Foreman if people want to know a little more, he's funny, education and his videos are to the point

  7. Objection: northern Ireland, despite being in the UK, is not in great Britain and thus calling people there "british" will probably result in a punch to the face.

  8. The largest congressional district in the US is actually Alaska at large

  9. The queen doesn't have any powers. The minute a monarch tries to take over the government will take the power from them.

  10. Yes the crown has power but if it ever exercised that power when the people didn’t want it they would abolish it. So in reality the crown can’t do what it wants it can only do what the people want

  11. 4:00 okay but if the queen is the commander and chief and is in charge the military technically then how come and several different videos of watch they say that every time there's a new prime minister they write their orders for the Royal submarines that have the nuclear weapons on board and what to do if the entire British government is essentially killed or overtaking..? So I guess my question is why did those video say that the Prime Minister writes those final orders to the submarine captains instead of the queen cuz they specifically said it was the Prime Minister and that it changes every four years or however long it is that they get a new prime minister and they never read them they just dispose of them and write a new one

  12. Yes, americans seem to have a lot of misconceptions about other countries, I've noticed that as a swede

  13. So, who owns British Petroleum (BP)? That's right, the queen. The closest the US ever got to that was Devil Bill's little boy, John D.

  14. Erm… the Queen IS just a figurehead. That's simply just the truth. You need to understand that there are very blurred lines between what is officially true and actually true. That's largely because we don't have a written constitution. So officially, the Queen appoints the Prime Minister; in reality, she always chooses whoever can command support in the house of commons. Officially, the queen uses her various prerogative powers on the advice of her ministers – in reality, her ministers use her powers, irrespective of her opinion. Officially, every law requires Royal Assent; in reality, she has to say yes to everything. The constitutional position is very clear: the crown has no democratic legitimacy, so has no right to exercise its powers. The executive, however (i.e. the Prime Minister and the cabinet) DRAW their powers from the crown, and can exercise those powers because they have the support of the commons, and therefore have democratic legitimacy.

    Its really not that hard to understand. The queen can officially do loads of stuff, and reality can do none of them. She officially uses her powers all the time, and in reality never uses them. You really can't be much more of a figurehead than that.

  15. this is the only video that actually made sense to me about the british political system thank you!

  16. I don't think you can have "less" of something and "none the less" of the same thing, at the same time 🤣

  17. how can you only have around 7700 subs??? your mini documentaries appeal to the way my mind processes information. i know this is on an older video, and i have spent many a rabbit hole evening binging on your content. Keep up the good work!!

  18. Hey social justice warrior wannabe. Americans are no dumber or smarter than any other territorial group in the world so shut the fuk up

  19. For people whose race, language and culture belongs to themselves and their NAMED country… and americans*
    The title called for it. Expect reciprocity with such statements.

  20. The Labour Party is nothing like the Democratic Party. Labour is actually socialist, Democratic is liberal.

    Labour would also never stand with the Conservative Party in a coalition unless its wartime or a government of national unity.

  21. Fancy having a go at updating this now? Good luck understanding and explaining as eloquently 2.5 years on what the F😉😂😎 is going on now

  22. The democratic unionist party are not 'the ultra right wing party of the UK' they are a northern Irish party, who are fairly right wing and support NI remaining in the UK (hence unionist).

  23. Why did you leave the whole colonizing Ireland part out when talking about the DUP. Like you barely talked about Northern Ireland at all. You cannot discuss the DUP without discussing Scottish And English Presbyterian colonialism in the north of Ireland….To discuss the DUP without discussing their hatred of Ireland and the Irish is insane!

  24. The Queen, or rather the executive on her majesty's behalf, doesn't have the authority to declare war and hasn't since 2009. Gordon Brown, then PM, I want to say relinquished? Gave that authority to Parliament. The executive has responsibility to order preemptive or responsive action in emergencies but formal declarations of war is done by a vote in Parliament.

  25. You Britishers thieves and Robers who stolen treasure of India if your queen or government don't return our treasure our Kohinoor our kings sword one day we will destroy your country…

  26. You had almost 1,000 subscribers when you posted this video. Now you have almost 500K!

  27. I wouldn't really call the DUP "extreme right wing", "traditional" in some areas, yes. But compared to even the Democratic party in America, some of their policies would be "extremely" left wing.

  28. Yea I’m sorry but you really don’t understand how the U.K. system works, the Queen is required by the unwritten constitution to ALWAYS act on the advice of her ministers, so the powers you ascribe to her are in fact held by the government,

  29. As a Scotsman I speak for the United Kingdom WHAT THE F*CK IS BREXIT IT JUST DOESN’T MAKE SENSE ANYMORE

  30. Since King William 4 signed the Bill of Rights in 1689 it made parliament sovereign. She is a symbol not a real sovreign.

  31. If QE2 went nuts and declared war on…. say Russia, I seriously doubt the British military would follow that royal decree.

  32. On paper the Queen have all the Monarch powers, but in practice it the house of parliament who run the show like conduct wars, pass bills, what subject matter of concerns need to be discussed or who to appoint even in the House of Lords.

    So the parliament would instruct the Queen as to what to approve (Royal Assent) and whenever a new PM is elected they had to go to Buckingham palace and seeks 'Queen's approval' only as a 'tradition'.

    It an understanding reached between the Monarch and house of Parliament to keep both institution separate, eventhough the Queen have the power to officially to reject parliament request, but chose not to for hundreds of years

  33. This video is 1 mans opinion, obviously it can be wrong numerous times.

  34. You totally over exaggerated the queens role and made the uk seem like a dictatorship😅

  35. There is nooooo way in hell the DUP could be called ‘far-right’. Oh and they’re not in a coalition they are in a confidence and supply agreement

  36. Some corrections (and don't worry most British people won't have picked up on these)
    • You can think of the countries at states but that implies federalisation, powers to the constituent countries of the United Kingdom are conferred by devolution not federalisation.
    • England doesn't have its own Parliament
    • Wales doesn't have a Parliament it has an assembly
    • Northern Ireland doesn't have a Parliament, it has an assembly but it has been suspended since 2007
    • The Queen in practice is nothing but a figurehead – the Government (the cabinet and its ministers appointed by the leader of the party with the most seats) plays the role of The Crown in Parliament. That's why it is called "Her Majesty's Government". The Queen is theoretically advised by the Government but in practice never goes against the wishes of the Government, at least not in the last 400 years.
    • The Queen is only theoretically the Commander-in-Chief, those responsibilities are shared with the Prime Minister (who holds the nuclear codes) and the Secretary for Defence. She also theoretically the Head of the Church of England, but this again, is only ceremonial.
    • The responsibilities of the UK Secretary of State fall upon the UK Home Secretary. The Home Secretary is not appointed by the Queen, but by the Prime Minister.
    • Ambassadors are not appointed by the Queen, they are appointed by the Privy Council. "Representative of Crown" just means the executive branch – The Government.
    • The Crown just means the Executive Branch. All duties of the Executive branch, collection of taxes, governance etc are carried out by civil servants and government officials. The Crown in reality has little to do with it, it's just a name.
    • The Queen (or King) has not been able to declare war since the Bill of Rights 1689 without the consent of Parliament. However in practice, the Queen would never choose to start a war. That would be a decision of The Government which would be voted on by Parliament.
    • The House of Lords Peers are not appointed by the Queen, peerages (seats in the Lords) are recommended by the Government and Privy Council of the day.
    • Although the democratically elected House of Commons is the lower house, it has been the supreme law making body since The Parliament Act 1949. The Commons can veto legislation introduced by the Lords, as you point out the reverse is not true.
    • Not all MPs who are elected go into government, they go into Parliament. Even if you are an MP who is on the side that won the election you won't be appointed into government, about 170 of the minimum ~310 MPs required to form a majority will go into government or on government payroll as either a minister, junior minister, advisor, Lead of the House, Lord President of the Council etc. The rest of the MPs on the winning side will sit in Parliament but not in Government as backbenchers; holding their own party to account. MPs on government payroll don't have this freedom as they are bound by cabinet collective responsibility conventions meaning they can't say anything against the party line of the government of the day
    • The SNP have been pushing for independence since the day they were formed that is their primary goal. They had a referendum on independence in 2014 and lost.
    • Judges are appointed by the Lord Chancellor, not the Queen.
    • The DUP are fairly right-wing, but that isn't what makes them special 1) they pretty much always vote with the Tories 2) They only stand in Northern Ireland 3) The Tories DON'T stand in Northern Ireland 4) They are ultra-loyalists (who want to keep the UK together, as opposed to republicans who want a United Ireland)
    • It wasn't a revote on Brexit. Both main parties supported Brexit in their 2017 manifestos
    • The majority isn't 326. It is 326, minus the Speaker and his deputies (who don't vote), minus Sinn Fein (who don't vote). Meaning an effective majority can be reached with 310-312 seats.
    • The House of Lords can have more members from a party not in power than the Commons

    The Queen really is just a figurehead, you're getting confused by the fact that we call the Executive branch – the Crown. Her powers are strictly ceremonial, she always takes advices from the government of the day and never refuses the Government's legislative agenda (which is called the Queen's Speech – but is written by the Government).

  37. DUP aren't really ultra right. They are right yes, but ultra right implies views that they hold the same views that the BNP hold.

  38. 1:35 You've made an error on the map showing the Isle of Mann as part of England. The Isle of Mann is a crown dependency but not part of the UK even. The residents do not have the right to vote and the Isle of Mann is not even part of the EU.

  39. After looking at UK politics, you begin to understand how and why they invented Cricket.

  40. The United Kingdom is not a country, why do people try to explain something about our democracy and don't even understand the United Kingdom is a nation, not a country.

  41. your map is wrong the Isle of Man is not part of the United Kingdom not a good start (google it)

  42. By convention other than on state ecclesiastical matters the Lords Spiritual no longer vote on political or parliamentary business. This understanding is critical to the operation of a secular state! The same goes for certain hereditary peers.

  43. Over 10% of Brexit leave voters are now dead, thats a statistical recorded fact. Most young people 16 at the time of the general election are now of age to vote and statistics show the vast majority would vote for remain. Only 70% turned out for the vote and most people who voted leave cannot give a logical reason why. I have heard, immigration, fish n chips in newspaper, sovereignty (all nonsense) and most of all A Protest vote against the elites (sound familiar). This last one is a serious one, but why people shot themselves in the foot to get it, just will never understand.

  44. Okay now TECHNICALLY the RAF and the RN are both still beholden to the crown (though in practice they answer to the PM) but the British Army is _very not_. We literally had a war about that shit. The British Army answers to Parliament, NOT the crown.

  45. Bit simplictic to say that teresa may called snap election to have a second referendum it was called to try and increase her majority at a time when labour party was in disarray. A larger majority would helpvwith differcult decisions abd votes through brexit it failed she lost her majority had to form a coalition government . But mate ur vids are sik keep it up

  46. There is no such thing as a British Count the UK instead has the noble title Earl ranking below are Marquess and above a Viscount. Earl is equivalent to the European Count. However the wife or widow of an Earl or a female peer holding an Earldom via hereditary succession is called a Countess

  47. Very late, but a couple of corrections that I haven't seen mentioned:

    1) The majority of the members of the House of Lords are no longer the hereditary peers (Dukes, Earls, etc.), they are Life Peers nominated by the political parties and given a title for life that is not passed on to their children. Many of these are former members of parliament who have retired from sitting as an MP and have been 'elevated' to the House of Lords – for example, Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher became a life peer as Baroness Thatcher. Since the House of Lords Act 1999, there are only 92 hereditary peers who still sit in the House of Lords. They are selected by those with hereditary titles from amongst themselves; the rest are no longer entitled to sit, though they still have their titles. Once someone is appointed to the House of Lords they remain and can sit until they die or (rarely) they decide to retire.

    2) The DUP was not strictly in coalition with the Conservatives, but provided 'supply and confidence' to the Conservative government – meaning that the DUP agreed to support the Conservatives in a number of policy areas in return for additional funding for Northern Ireland. Like the Scottish National Party in Scotland and Plaid Cymru in Wales, the DUP is a party that only operates in Northern Ireland (as does the UK version of Sinn Féin and some other Northern Irish parties that are not currently represented in parliament).

  48. There were a few mistakes in the video, but UK politics is really difficult to understand, especially at the moment. Our country is going through big political change, that has so many angles and agendas. This is difficult to fully understand even for us here in the UK. Overall you did a good job, providing a basic understanding to people in other countries. 😊

  49. Despite a few of these nit picking comments about minutia, be of good cheer young man. You clearly have a good grasp of the situation here, more so than the average person in the UK I suspect. Thanks for an interesting outside view. I'm please to have found your very interesting contributions to the internet. Best wishes.

  50. Every time I start to think American politics are fucked I just remind myself of UK politics. British politics. English politics? Eh, I don't fuckin know. I guess they at least don't have Trump, so they've got something right.

  51. FALSE.  They DO NOT each have their own parliament. And it is NOT the Court of St. James, it is Court of St James's. Do your homework.

  52. Could the Queen enact military rule if she wanted to and dissolve Parliament?
    If so, then the British made a grave error by trashing their own Bill of Rights

  53. The very first misconception happened when you suggested that people should think of those countries as states. There's a huge difference between US state governments and parliaments and the British DEVOLVED governments and parliaments. Notice that the country is called the United Kingdom, NOT the United Kingdoms or United Realms.

  54. I get the joke UK government for dummies or americans cause americans don't know other countries let alone their governments

  55. you coloured in Isle of Man as part of the UK when it’s not apart of the UK

  56. I know its very late, but it's not true that all countries have their own parliament. The English don't, they only vote towards the British parliament and have no English specific one.

  57. The Conservatives and Labour DO NOT share similar views to Republicans and Democrats respectively, The Conservatives share very similar views to the Democrats, who have right-wing views generally, Lib Dems are centrist, and Labour is left wing. The entire US political system is shifted to the right, and it's not the UK that's the outlier, it's the US, most EU countries are much more similar to the UK politically than the US

  58. So isn't Isle of Manx, Cypress, Malta, Gibraltar, Old Jersey, and Guernsey also part of the United Kingdom?

  59. I'm not on board with this Americans are dummies trope. Some of the dumbest things I have ever heard have come out of the mouths of immigrants.

  60. 2 years late but the DUP arent a super right wing nationwide party, they are the main party in northern ireland that support remaining in the union

  61. 7:46 – I don’t think that a simple majority = the most votes. A plurality = the most votes. A simple majority = 50%+1 whereas a super majority = things like >= 2/3 & >= 3/4.

  62. I think its important to understand that the DUP has very religious views rather than purely political opinions

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