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The pharaoh that wouldn’t be forgotten – Kate Green


Three and a half thousand years ago in Egypt, a noble pharaoh was the victim
of a violent attack. But the attack was not physical. This royal had been dead for 20 years. The attack was historical, an act of damnatio memoriae,
the damnation of memory. Somebody smashed the pharaoh’s statues, took a chisel and attempted to erase
the pharaoh’s name and image from history. Who was this pharaoh,
and what was behind the attack? Here’s the key: the pharaoh Hatshepsut was a woman. In the normal course of things,
she should never have been pharaoh. Although it was legal
for a woman to be a monarch, it disturbed some essential Egyptian beliefs. Firstly, the pharaoh was known
as the living embodiment of the male god Horus. Secondly, disturbance to the tradition
of rule by men was a serious challenge to Maat, a word for “truth,”
expressing a belief in order and justice, vital to the Egyptians. Hatshepsut had perhaps tried to adapt to this belief in the link between
order and patriarchy through her titles. She took the name Maatkare, and sometimes referred to herself as Hatshepsu,
with a masculine word ending. But apparently, these efforts
didn’t convince everyone, and perhaps someone
erased Hatshepsut’s image so that the world would forget
the disturbance to Maat, and Egypt could be balanced again. Hatshepsut, moreover,
was not the legitimate heir to the thrown, but a regent,
a kind of stand-in co-monarch. The Egyptian kingship traditionally
passed from father to son. It passed from Thutmose I
to his son Thutmose II, Hatshepsut’s husband. It should have passed from Thutmose II
directly to his son Thutmose III, but Thutmose III was a little boy
when his father died. Hatshepsut, the dead pharaoh’s chief wife and widow, stepped in to help
as her stepson’s regent but ended up ruling beside him
as a fully fledged pharaoh. Perhaps Thutmose III was angry about this. Perhaps he was the one
who erased her images. It’s also possible that someone wanted
to dishonor Hatshepsut because she was a bad pharaoh. But the evidence suggests
she was actually pretty good. She competently fulfilled
the traditional roles of the office. She was a great builder. Her mortuary temple, Djeser-Djeseru, was an architectural phenomenon
at the time and is still admired today. She enhanced the economy of Egypt, conducting a very successful trade mission
to the distant land of Punt. She had strong religious connections. She even claimed to be the daughter
of the state god, Amun. And she had a successful military career,
with a Nubian campaign, and claims she fought alongside
her soldiers in battle. Of course, we have to be careful
when we assess the success of Hatshepsut’s career, since most of the evidence
was written by Hatshepsut herself. She tells her own story
in pictures and writing on the walls of her mortuary temple and the red chapel she built for Amun. So who committed the crimes
against Hatshepsut’s memory? The most popular suspect is
her stepson, nephew and co-ruler, Thutmose III. Did he do it out of anger
because she stole his throne? This is unlikely since
the damage wasn’t done until 20 years after Hatshepsut died. That’s a long time to hang onto anger
and then act in a rage. Maybe Thutmose III did it
to make his own reign look stronger. But it is most likely that
he or someone else erased the images so that people would forget
that a woman ever sat on Egypt’s throne. This gender anomaly was simply
too much of a threat to Maat and had to be obliterated from history. Happily, the ancient censors
were not quite thorough enough. Enough evidence survived for us
to piece together what happened, so the story of this unique powerful woman
can now be told.

Stephen Childs

100 Comments

  1. i love all the fake egyptologists in the comment section talking like they have a masters degree in hutshepsut and the new kingdom. and all the people having debates about her skin colour and race. can we all just agree she was an amazing historic figure and enjoy the video?

  2. why do males wanna control everything?they can’t be fragile

  3. There is no prove not that I don't believe you but the ones who don't where i s the prove!!

  4. See " Ancient Egyptian Art They Don't Show" in my uploads

    Sub-Saharan African history in the the description or uploads

    Also. African and African American achievements in description

  5. But a female pharaoh named Sobekneferu sat on the Egyptian throne before Hatshepsut did. And she's the first female to do that. Why isn't she remembered?

  6. No One Will Debate Me About Egyptian History or Kemetic Cosmology. I Will Body Your European "Scholars" FACTs
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I0A8u1sFUtQ

  7. 30% of comments = She is remembered more then any pharaohs
    50% = HiStOrY
    20% = somsthingrandom

  8. But she stole someone's throne so it dosen't count.
    She's not powerful but weak.

  9. What about Isis?? Thutmose II's wife??? Could she have done something??? Or wasn't she ther🤔🤔

  10. King akenaton and queen nefrititti are also rememberd in history books.

  11. How female pharaohs are so inspirational 🤩🤩🤩🤩🤩🤗🤗🤗🤗😯😯😯😯😜😜😜👌👌👌👌👌

  12. Ugh this sounds so mean but the last name Green is just hideous because everyone knows who Astoria Greenglass is but me and my friends call her GreenGas it used to be FartGas so yeah

  13. um, I'm really rusty on my ancient Egyptian history, but it said she claimed to be the daughter of the state got amun. Didn't king tuts dad try and change the whole religion to center around that guy? Even changed his pharoh name to amun smnthn

  14. women arent meant to rule, they're meant to be in the kitchen and tend to the kids. okay? 🙂

  15. 3:29 I was confused for a moment but then I realized that this was ancient Egypt

  16. Distant land of "Kunt"? Ha I think you call that a KUNTry.

  17. Wait, then how did Cleopatra come to be a pharoah if they didn't want a female ruler

  18. what a great job! smashing their idols, destroying the things they worship other than God.
    why wont you open your eyes people?

  19. I wonder how many parts of history were obliterated and did not survive.

  20. The erasing is not as bad as what the British have violently erased and vandalised from Nubia (Egypt)

  21. Why were they not ok with her but no one tried to erase Cleopatra??

  22. So sad how could her own step son do that to her?????😭😭

  23. The fact that we even know about her is a marvelous thing. After Tuthmosis III tried to erase her name and leave her off the list of pharaohs, her name was lost for a couple of millennia. Her body wasn't found until the early 20th century in a unmarked grave, then years later DNA testing came along to confirm that the mummy was indeed Hatshepsut.

    The sad part is that in Kemetic belief, if you're forgotten in the living world then you don’t exist in the afterlife. Tuthmosis III was trying to kill her even in death.

  24. Hatshepsut and Ramesses II are my favourite pharaohs (thanks to CIV4).

  25. What I couldn't forget as an Egyptian is you all fake attorneys of Egypt history eat gold from my history, and forgot that Egypt elected president died in jail while you all shake hands with a murderer called AL sisi.

  26. Hatshepsut and Thutmose III had a complicated relationship. But there's evidence to suggest Thutmose didn't bear any sort of grudge towards his stepmother/aunt and was driven to do what he did to help his heir succeed more smoothly and maintain order.

  27. if the facts you have from this case are written by her, could it be possible the person who did it knew she wasn’t telling the full truth? just laying all options out. though it would be sad if it was only because she’s a lass.

  28. Ever wonder if they had good reasons to despise her? Why do we assume we understand the motivations of ancients?

  29. I recently found out she was obese and diabetic towards the end of her life , a great and powerful pharaoh though.

  30. If you live in the D.C. area, check out the National Geographic Museum's Queens of Egypt exhibit. It's made me appreciate the history of ancient Egypt's queens so much more — especially Hatshepsut.
    https://www.washingtonpost.com/goingoutguide/museums/cleopatra-and-nefertiti-you-know-but-the-queens-of-egypt-exhibition-will-blow-you-away-with-someone-youve-never-heard-of/2019/03/07/59679fca-3cf8-11e9-aaae-69364b2ed137_story.html

  31. They should make a movie about her; sick of that 'Cleopatra' getting all the attention, and she came way after 'Hatsheput'.

  32. Ancient Egyptians believed that you will cease to exist anywhere when you are forgotten completely .

    I'm always fascinated by Ancient Egypt's history may be cause it sounds like those people had some serious deep thoughts like me at 3:00 am.

  33. 🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟
    🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟
    🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟

  34. Hatshepsut is the true Queen of Egypt (by the blood) and greater than Cleopatra VII

  35. She probably did so much better the the men they had a tantrum and tried to blot her out!

  36. This has a comic in mangatoon (pharaohs concubine) its the best comic and its really similar to the story

  37. Female leadership today is seen as culturally a threat to some. Even race and being LBGT seems a threat to some. Then as well if a person is a nontheist seems even a threat if to be leadership of any sort. At least with some.

  38. For another entertaining analysis on Hatshepsut try this:
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qRr538aPIfk

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