Next week the Germans are celebrating a very special holiday, Day of German Unity. That is something like the 4th of July for us Americans. Day of German unity is the national holiday, but Germany wasn’t founded like America. In order to really understand this, we have to go very far back into history. Before 1871 there wasn’t a real “Germany”, but rather many independent nations and regions. In 1871 the first German “Reich” (empire) was founded under the name “Empire”, because Emperor Wilhelm 1. brought the independent states and regions together. Then there wasn’t an official holiday of German unity, but rather a day by the name of “Sedantag”, the 2nd of September, on which the French surrendered in the Franco-Prussian War. When the Weimar Republic was founded, the Germans celebrated their national holiday on August 11, because the imperial president signed the constitution then. During the time of National Socialism the national holiday was celebrated on May 1. After the Second World War the German Democratic Republic (GDR) and Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) celebrated their own national holidays. In the FRG they celebrated on the 17th of June and in the GDR they celebrated on the 7th of October. On November 9, 1989 the Berlin Wall fell. The FRG and GDR officially reunited on October 3, 1990. In this year there were two holidays. They celebrated on June 17th “Tag der deutschen Einheit” and also on October 3rd “Tag der Deutschen Einheit”. The only difference between these two holidays is that the holiday that was celebrated on June 17th was written with a lower case “d” in the word “deutschen” and the holiday that was celebrated on October 3rd was written with a upper case “D”. Since the reunification of Germany, the Germans have celebrated Day of German Unity on October 3rd. A few politicians and other people wanted to have the 9th of November as their national holiday, but that was problematic, because Hitler had spoiled the day. On the 9th of November 1925 he founded the SS. The 9th of November 1938 was Kristallnacht on which the Nazis destroyed many Jewish stores and synagogues. Long story short: the Germans couldn’t have the 9th of November as their national holiday, because Hitler was Hitler and he often did Hitler-things on the 9th of November. What do the Germans do on October 3rd? There are events and celebrations. Every year there is an official festival in a well known city in Germany. This year it is taking place in Dresden and next year it will happen in Mainz. Write me in the comments if you still have questions about Tag der Deutschen Einheit. That is all for today. Thanks for watching. Until next time. Bye.