Public holidays in Japan

Public holidays in Japan were established
by the Public Holiday Law of 1948. A provision of the law establishes that when
a national holiday falls on a Sunday, the next working day shall become a public holiday,
known as furikae kyūjitsu. Additionally, any day that falls between two
other national holidays shall also become a holiday, known as kokumin no kyūjitsu. May 4, sandwiched between Constitution Memorial
Day on May 3 and Children’s Day on May 5, was an annual example of such a holiday until
it was replaced by Greenery Day in 2007. Prior to Japan’s adoption of the Gregorian
calendar in 1873, the dates of holidays were based on the traditional Chinese lunisolar
calendar. As a result, New Year’s Day, for example,
was celebrated at the beginning of spring, as it is in modern China, Korea and Vietnam. Japan has 15 national, government-recognized
holidays. A 16th holiday has recently been approved
by the upper house. Table of Japanese holidays
Notes Holidays in 2014
Events of imperial mourning and celebration In addition to the annual holidays listed
above, certain events of celebration or mourning related to the imperial family are also treated
as national holidays in the year in which they occur. There have been four instances of such holidays
since the introduction of the Public Holiday Law. April 10, 1959: Marriage of Crown Prince Akihito
February 24, 1989: State Funeral of the Shōwa Emperor
November 12, 1990: Official Enthronement Ceremony of Emperor Akihito
June 9, 1993: Marriage of Crown Prince Naruhito Recent changes
Beginning in 2000, Japan implemented the Happy Monday System, which moved a number of national
holidays to Monday in order to obtain a long weekend:
Coming-of-Age Day: January 15 → 2nd Monday of January, starting in 2000. Marine Day: July 20 → 3rd Monday of July,
starting in 2003. Respect for the Aged Day: September 15 → 3rd
Monday of September, starting in 2003. Health and Sports Day: October 10 → 2nd
Monday of October, starting in 2000. In 2005, the country decided to add Shōwa
Day, a new national holiday, in place of Greenery Day on April 29, and to move Greenery Day
to May 4. These changes took effect in 2007. In 2014, the House of Councillors decided
to add Mountain Day to the Japanese calendar on August 11, after lobbying by the Japanese
Alpine Club. It is intended to coincide with the Bon Festival
vacation time, giving Japanese people an opportunity to appreciate Japan’s mountains. See also
Japanese calendar Japanese festivals
List of Japanese anniversaries and memorial days
Newspaper holiday References External links
Japanese Holidays – Japan-Guide.com Public holiday law

Stephen Childs

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